Meaning of gacaca in English:


Pronunciation /ɡəˈtʃɑːtʃɑː/


(also gachacha)
  • In Rwanda: a system of social justice, based on traditional methods of conflict resolution, whereby community-elected judges try those accused of crimes committed during the genocide of 1994.


1970s; earliest use found in Universal Human Rights. From Rwanda gacaáca, denoting a place where people meet to reconcile neighbours from ga-, dissimilated variant of ka-, aka-, diminutive class prefix + -caáca (collective singular umucaáca) denoting the kind of grass often covering such meeting places.