Meaning of karoshi in English:


Pronunciation /kəˈrəʊʃi/


mass noun
  • (in Japan) death caused by overwork or job-related exhaustion.

    as modifier ‘karoshi victims’
    • ‘Newly released karoshi figures from Japan's Health, Labour and Welfare Ministry, covering 2002, show a record 317 deaths that were directly attributable to long hours in the office.’
    • ‘A conservative estimate puts the number of karoshi cases in Japan at 10,000, though the real figure may be nearer 30,000 and some even say 50,000.’
    • ‘The jump was due largely to a redefinition of karoshi to encompass up to six months of accumulated work-related stress and fatigue instead of the previous standard of just one week.’
    • ‘Besides karoshi, suicides related to work pressures have also become increasingly common in Japan.’
    • ‘The major medical causes of karoshi deaths are heart attack and stroke due to stress.’


Japanese, from ka ‘excess’ + rō ‘labour’ + shi ‘death’.